Nazis on the Run: How Hitler’s Henchmen Fled Justice

Oxford University Press  2011

Gerald Steinacher’s Nazis on the Run: How Hitler’s Henchmen Fled Justice 

makes an important contribution to understanding how Nazis, SS-members, and their collaborators fled Europe—and war crimes charges—after World War II, and made their way through Italy to refuge overseas. Steinacher scours archival materials across several countries to examine the escape routes and network of assistance that enabled war criminals to flee Germany and Eastern Europe, and establish new lives in Argentina as well as other nations. He looks at the aid provided by fellow Nazis in helping each other elude capture, as well as the role played by international organizations, such as the International Committee of the Red Cross, Catholic Church, and Western intelligence agencies, in facilitating Nazis’ escape. Among the most disturbing of Steinacher’s findings is the manner in which these bodies put larger institutional objectives and fear of an ascendant Communism above moral considerations and the capture and prosecution of war criminals. Nazis on the Run is critical to understanding the lingering shadow of the Holocaust, and the manner in which the war’s injustices did not end with the fall of the Nazi regime.

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