On January 2, 1942, Japanese troops marched into Manila, unopposed by U.S. forces less than a month after Pearl Harbor. Tokyo saw its conquest of the Philippines as the key in its plan to control all of Asia, including Australia. Thousands of soldiers surrendered and were sent on the notorious eighty-mile Bataan Death March. But thousands of other Filipinos and Americans refused to surrender and hid in the Luzon hills above Bataan and Manila. MacArthur’s Spies tells the story of three people who fought the Japanese in their own way. The book touches on an interesting sidelight the plight of several hundred German Jews and others from Europe who fled Europe before the Pacific War and relocated in Manila. When war broke out, they were considered to be allies of the Japanese because they had German and Axis passports. Even when the Nazis protested, the Japanese did not hinder their freedom to circulate even when other foreigners — notably American civilians — were rounded up and placed in a detention camp. Most of the Jews of the Philippines survived the deprivation of those days and made it through the catastrophic retaking of Manila, however 100,000 civilians died in February 1945 during the Battle of Manila and the suffering was great.
- From the Publisher
May 16, 2017
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