In this small book filled with big ideas, Menachem Klein, a political scientist at Bar-Ilan University, analyzes the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and argues that the focus on Israeli borders and settlements is not simply an issue of security but a demarcation of the lines of the Jewish state. He writes that despite certain political and military programs that have been put in place to stymie Palestinian territorial aspirations and governmental autonomy, the only realistic solution is to create two states.According to Klein, what was once a border conflict is now an ethnic struggle. Settlements in the West Bank do not simply mean facts on the ground to the Palestinians. In their eyes, the settlements are the problem, representing colonialism and an ethnic violation.
Klein calls all the leaders involved in the situation to task, challenging the Israelis and the Palestinians as well as the Americans. His most damning insight in this powerful book is his conclusion — that Israelis and Palestinian will never be able to live together, that in order to resolve the issues they must be separated.